pH on wine, and juice, water and other liquid samples is analysed using either a calibrated pH meter and combination electrode or a FOSS FTIR Winescan.
Titratable acidity is measured on a degassed sample at the endpoint of 8.2 for Australian requirements and 7.0 to fulfil the requirements of the European Union. Both results are expressed as g/L tartaric acid. Tartaric acid can also be measured using HPLC.
Volatile acidity as acetic acid is measured by a FOSS FTIR Winescan or as acetic acid by enzymatic assay using a Discrete analyser. Acetic acid makes up a large proportion of the volatile acidity and is used as the routine measure of volatile acidity. Acetic acid can also be measured using HPLC.
The traditional primary reference method for volatile acidity involves using distillation distilling (via a modified Markham still) after removal of sulfur dioxide using hydrogen peroxide, and titrating with standardised sodium hydroxide. This method includes small amounts of other volatile acids. In the event of a dispute this traditional method will prevail.
This analysis is used for monitoring the progress of malolactic fermentation during winemaking. The method is specific for L-malic acid, which is the naturally occurring isomer in grapes. It should be noted that commercial malic acid supplied to the wine industry as an acidulant, may contain D-malic acid in addition to, or instead of, L-malic acid. Analysis by HPLC in conjunction with enzymatic analysis will determine proportions of both D-malic and L-malic acid in samples.
This analysis is also used for monitoring the progress of malolactic fermentation during winemaking and, as for malic acid, the enzymatic analysis is specific for L-lactic acid.
Enzymatic analysis of Citric acid analysis is performed as part of an export analysis certificate for bulk wine destined for the European Union. As the limit for any wine exported to the EU is 1.0 g/L, analysis to confirm any addition of citric acid is recommended.
Organic acid profile (by HPLC)
This high performance liquid chromatography method measures citric, tartaric, malic, lactic, acetic and succinic acids simultaneously and provides a more economical option if several organic acids are required. Glucose, fructose and glycerol can also be measured simultaneously.
If you would like analysis for the less common acids such as benzoic or oxalic acids, please contact us for more details. For ascorbic and erythorbic acids, please see the section on preservatives and anti-oxidants.
|Prices per analysis|
|Analysis||Per Sample (excluding GST)||Target response time|
|pH (Titramaster)||$8.40||Volume Required: 25mL target response time 24 hrs|
|pH (Winescan)||$7.35||Volume Required: 200mL target response time 24 hrs|
|Titratable acid pH 7.0 (Titramaster)||$8.40||Volume Required: 50mL target response time 24 hrs|
|Titratable acid pH 8.2 (Titramaster)||$8.40|
|Titratable acid pH 7.0 (Winescan)||$7.35||Volume Required: 200mL target response time 24 hrs|
|Titratable acid pH 8.2 (Winescan)||$7.35|
|Titramaster (pH & Titratable acid pH 7.0 & Titratable acid pH 8.2)||$15.75||Volume Required: 50mL target response time 24 hrs|
|Volatile acid by Markham stills||$42.00||Volume Required: 25mL target response time 24 hrs|
|Volatile acidity as acetic acid (Winescan)||$10.50||Volume Required: 200mL target response time 24 hrs|
|Volatile acidity as acetic acid (Discrete analyser)||$36.75||Volume Required: 10mL target response time 24 hrs|
|Citric acid (Discrete analyser)||$31.50|
|Malic acid (Discrete analyer)||$26.25|
|Acetic acid (HPLC)||$63.00||Volume Required: 10mL target response time 72 hrs|
|Citric acid (HPLC)||$63.00|
|Malic acid (HPLC)||$63.00|
|Lactic acid (HPLC)||$63.00|
|Tartaric acid (HPLC)||$63.00|
|Succinic acid (HPLC)||$63.00|
|Organic acid profile (by HPLC)||$94.50||Volume Required: 50mL target response time 72 hrs|
For more information, please contact AWRI Commercial Services on (08) 8313 6600 or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org