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Note. European Union Member Countries – Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom are all members of the European Union (EU). Member nations are obliged to abide by Directives on MRLs issued by the Council of the European Communities. If no EU MRL exists, a general default MRL of 0.01 mg/kg applies.

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Copyright 2019 by The Australian Wine Research Institute (ACN 007 558 296) Reprint and quotation of the information published herein is permitted on the condition that full credit be given to The Australian Wine Research Institute.

The MRL values listed below apply to grapes, unless otherwise stated.

amitrole + paraquat

Product group: Herbicide
Registered products: Alliance

Country MRL (mg/kg) Comments Updated Reviewed
Argentina 0.05 + 0.05

Comments:

No Argentine MRL has been established for amitrole. This is a Codex MRL for amitrole which is acceptable, provided that the Argentine authorities do not consider there to be an unacceptable risk from the residue.
10/02/2016 07/03/2018
Australia 0.01 + 0.05

Comments:

The MRLs for amitrole and paraquat have been set "at or about" the limit of analytical quantitation.

MRL Notes:

The residue for paraquat is determined as the paraquat cation.
25/06/2010 11/07/2018
Brazil - + 0.01

Comments:

No MRL is listed for amitrole, therefore no detectable residues are permitted.
07/03/2018 14/03/2018
Canada 0.1 + 0.05

Comments:

The MRL for amitrole is a default value as no Canadian MRL has been established.
17/06/2011 14/03/2018
Chile 0.05 + 0.01   19/07/2012 14/03/2018
China 0.05 + 0.01   01/02/2016 11/07/2018
Codex 0.05 + 0.01

Comments:

The MRL for paraquat is at or near the limits of analytical determination.

MRL Notes:

The residue for paraquat is determined as the paraquat cation.
07/10/2009 11/07/2018
European Union Member Countries 0.05 + 0.02

Comments:

The MRL for paraquat is at the lower limit of analytical determination.
05/11/2014 11/07/2018
Fiji 0.05 + 0.01

Comments:

The MRL for paraquat is at or near the limits of analytical determination.

MRL Notes:

The residue for paraquat is determined as the paraquat cation.
27/10/2009 14/03/2018
Hong Kong 0.05 + 0.01

Comments:

The MRL for paraquat is at or near the limits of analytical determination.

MRL Notes:

The residue for paraquat is determined as the paraquat cation.
27/10/2009 11/07/2018
India - + 0.05

Comments:

The MRL for paraquat is for fruit, which includes grapes.

MRL Notes:

No MRL is established for amitrol, but the Codex MRL (0.05 mg/kg) may be recognised. The residue for paraquat is determined as the paraquat cations.
13/06/2012 11/07/2018
Indonesia 0.05 + 0.01   31/08/2015 11/07/2018
Israel 0.05 + 0.01

Comments:

The MRLs are the Codex MRLs as no Israeli MRLs have been established.
07/03/2018 14/03/2018
Japan 0.05 + 0.05   08/01/2013 11/07/2018
Korea (Republic of) 0.05 + 0.01

Comments:

This is the Codex MRL as no Korean MRL has been established for grapes.

MRL Notes:

The residue for paraquat is determined as the paraquat cation.
29/06/2016 11/07/2018
LCBO 0.1 + 0.1

Comments:

These MRLs apply to wine.
27/10/2009 14/03/2018
Malaysia 0.05 + 0.01

Comments:

The MRL for paraquat is the Codex MRL as no Malaysian MRL has been established.
29/04/2010 11/07/2018
New Zealand 0.05 + 0.05

Comments:

The MRLs for amitrole and paraquat are at the limit of detection.
09/04/2010 14/03/2018
Norway 0.05 + 0.02

Comments:

The MRLs for amitrole and paraquat apply to wine produced after 1 Sept 2008. The MRL for paraquat is at the lower limit of analytical determination.

MRL Notes:

For wine produced after 1 Sept 2008 use an MRL for amitrole and paraquat of 0.05 mg/kg
01/11/2009 14/03/2018
Philippines 0.05 + 0.01   18/06/2015 11/07/2018
Russia 0.05 + 0.01   04/11/2014 14/03/2018
Singapore 0.05 + 0.05

Comments:

The MRL for amitrole is the Codex MRLs as no Singaporean MRL has been established.
02/11/2009 11/07/2018
South Africa 0.05 + 0.02

Comments:

The MRL for paraquat is at or near the lower limit of analytical determination.
14/10/2009 14/03/2018
Switzerland 0.05 + 0.02

Comments:

Switzerland defers to the European Union MRL for amitrol and paraquat.
02/02/2016 14/03/2018
Taiwan - + 0.01

Comments:

No MRLs are listed for either active constituent, therefore no detectable residues are permitted.
29/06/2016 11/07/2018
Thailand - + 0.01

Comments:

No MRL is listed for amitrol, therefore no detectable residue is permitted.

MRL Notes:

The residue for paraquat is determined as the paraquat cation.
04/11/2014 11/07/2018
Turkey 0.05 + 0.01

Comments:

The MRL for paraquat is at the lower limit of analytical determination.
07/03/2018 14/03/2018
United States of America - + 0.05

Comments:

No MRL is listed for amitrole, therefore no detectable residue is permitted.

MRL Notes:

The residue for paraquat is determined as the paraquat cation.
09/12/2009 11/07/2018
Vietnam 0.05 + 0.01

Comments:

The MRL for paraquat is at or near the limits of analytical determination. The value for amitrole is the Codex MRL as no Vietnamese MRL has been established.

MRL Notes:

The residue for paraquat is determined as the paraquat cation.
03/11/2009 11/07/2018

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