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Note. European Union Member Countries – Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom are all members of the European Union (EU). Member nations are obliged to abide by Directives on MRLs issued by the Council of the European Communities. If no EU MRL exists, a general default MRL of 0.01 mg/kg applies.

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Copyright 2019 by The Australian Wine Research Institute (ACN 007 558 296) Reprint and quotation of the information published herein is permitted on the condition that full credit be given to The Australian Wine Research Institute.

The MRL values listed below apply to grapes, unless otherwise stated.

diquat + paraquat

Product group: Herbicide
Registered products: Brown Out 250, EOS, Kwicknock 250, Paraquat/Diquat, Pre-Seed 250, Revolver, Scorcher 250, Speedy 250, Spray & Sow, Spray Out 250, Spray Seed 250, Uni-Spray 250

Country MRL (mg/kg) Comments Updated Reviewed
Argentina 0.01 + 0.05

MRL Notes:

The residue of paraquat is determined as the paraquat cation.
10/02/2016 14/03/2018
Australia 0.05 + 0.01

Comments:

The MRL for diquat is for fruit and applies to grapes.

MRL Notes:

The residue for diquat is determined as the diquat cation. The residue for paraquat is determined as the paraquat cation. The MRLs are at the lower limit of analytical determination.
07/03/2018 11/07/2018
Brazil - + 0.01

Comments:

No MRL is listed for diquat, therefore no detectable residue is permitted.
07/03/2018 14/03/2018
Canada 0.02 + 0.05   17/06/2011 14/03/2018
Chile - + 0.01

Comments:

No MRL is listed for diquat, therefore no detectable residues are permitted.
09/10/2009 14/03/2018
China - + 0.01

Comments:

No MRL is listed for diquat, therefore no detectable residues are permitted.
27/10/2009 11/07/2018
Codex - + 0.01

Comments:

No Codex MRL is listed for diquat, therefore no detectable residue is permitted. The MRL for paraquat is at or near the limits of analytical determination.

MRL Notes:

The residue for paraquat is determined as the paraquat cation.
07/10/2009 11/07/2018
European Union Member Countries 0.01 + 0.02

MRL Notes:

The MRLs for diquat and paraquat are at the lower limit of analytical determination.
21/07/2016 11/07/2018
Fiji - + 0.01

Comments:

No Codex MRL is listed for diquat, therefore no detectable residue is permitted. The MRL for paraquat is at or near the limits of analytical determination.

MRL Notes:

The residue for paraquat is determined as the paraquat cation.
27/10/2009 14/03/2018
Hong Kong - + 0.01

Comments:

No MRL is listed for diquat, and therefore the Hong Kong Authorities recommend that diquat residues be avoided.

MRL Notes:

The residue for paraquat is determined as the paraquat cation.
27/10/2009 11/07/2018
India - + 0.05

Comments:

No MRL is listed for diquat, therefore no detectable residue is permitted.

MRL Notes:

The residue for paraquat is determined as the paraquat cation.
14/10/2009 11/07/2018
Indonesia - + 0.01

Comments:

No MRL is listed for diquat, therefore no detectable residues are permitted.

MRL Notes:

The MRL for paraquat is for berries and applies to grapes.
31/08/2015 11/07/2018
Israel 0.05 + 0.01   07/03/2018 14/03/2018
Japan 0.03 + 0.05   07/04/2010 11/07/2018
Korea (Republic of) - + 0.01

Comments:

No MRL is listed for diquat, therefore no detectable residue is permitted.

MRL Notes:

The residue for paraquat is determined as the paraquat cation
07/03/2018 11/07/2018
LCBO 0.1 + 0.1

Comments:

These MRLs apply to wine.
27/10/2009 14/03/2018
Malaysia 0.01 + 0.01

Comments:

The MRL for diquat is a default value as no Malaysian or Codex MRL has been established. The MRL for paraquat is the Codex MRL as no Malaysian MRL has been established. The MRL for paraquat is at or near the limits of analytical determination.

MRL Notes:

The residue for paraquat is determined as the paraquat cation.
22/06/2011 11/07/2018
New Zealand 0.05 + 0.05

Comments:

The MRLs for both diquat and paraquat are at the limit of detection.
09/04/2010 14/03/2018
Norway 0.05 + 0.02

Comments:

The MRLs for both active constituents are at or near the limit of analytical determination.
01/11/2009 14/03/2018
Philippines - + 0.01

Comments:

No Codex MRL is listed for diquat, therefore no detectable residue is permitted. Paraquat is restricted for Institutional Use Only. Approval of use will be based on strict compliance by the imported / end-user of the requirements act for its use.
07/03/2018 11/07/2018
Russia - + 0.01

Comments:

No MRL is listed for diquat, therefore no detectable residues are permitted.
04/11/2014 14/03/2018
Singapore - + 0.05

Comments:

No MRL is listed for diquat, therefore no detectable residue is permitted.
02/11/2009 11/07/2018
South Africa 0.01 + 0.02

Comments:

No MRL is listed, therefore a default MRL of 0.01 mg/kg applies.
07/03/2018 14/03/2018
Switzerland 0.05 + 0.02

Comments:

Switzerland defers to the European Union MRL for diquat.
29/10/2009 14/03/2018
Taiwan - + 0.01

Comments:

No MRL is listed for diquat, therefore no detectable residue is permitted.
22/06/2011 11/07/2018
Thailand - + -

Comments:

No MRL is listed, therefore no detectable residue is permitted.

MRL Notes:

The residue for paraquat is determined as the paraquat cation.
09/10/2009 11/07/2018
Turkey 0.05 + 0.01

Comments:

The MRL for paraquat is at the lower limit of analytical determination.
07/03/2018 14/03/2018
United States of America 0.05 + 0.05

MRL Notes:

The residue for diquat is determined as the diquat cation. The residue for paraquat is determined as the paraquat cation.
09/12/2009 11/07/2018
Vietnam - + -

Comments:

No MRL is listed, therefore no detectable residue is permitted.

MRL Notes:

The residue for paraquat is determined as the paraquat cation.
03/11/2009 11/07/2018

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The Australian Wine Research Institute has used all reasonable care and skill in compiling this information, but does not warrant the accuracy or completeness of the information contained in this publication. Except to the extent that the Institute is prevented by law from limiting its liability for such loss, the Institute will not be liable for any loss suffered by any person using (either directly or indirectly) this publication, whether that loss arises from the Institute’s negligence or otherwise. Any person using this publication should independently verify that information before relying on it. Notwithstanding that this publication mentions a particular product, The Institute does not endorse that product or give any warranty in relation to it.

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