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Note. European Union Member Countries – Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom are all members of the European Union (EU). Member nations are obliged to abide by Directives on MRLs issued by the Council of the European Communities. If no EU MRL exists, a general default MRL of 0.01 mg/kg applies.

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Copyright 2019 by The Australian Wine Research Institute (ACN 007 558 296) Reprint and quotation of the information published herein is permitted on the condition that full credit be given to The Australian Wine Research Institute.

The MRL values listed below apply to grapes, unless otherwise stated.


Product group: Plant Growth Regulator
Registered products: Country Ethephon 480, Ethephon 720, Ethrel 720, K-Ethephon, Promote 720

Country MRL (mg/kg) Comments Updated Reviewed
Argentina 0.8


No Argentine MRL has been established. This is a Codex MRL which is acceptable, provided that the Argentine authorities do not consider there to be an unacceptable risk from the residue.
03/11/2009 09/03/2018
Australia 10   18/09/2009 11/07/2018
Brazil 0.1   03/11/2009 09/03/2018
Canada 2   19/01/2015 09/03/2018
Chile 1   09/10/2009 09/03/2018
China 1   28/10/2015 11/07/2018
Codex 0.8   09/03/2018 11/07/2018
European Union Member Countries 2


An MRL of 1 mg/kg applies specifically to table grapes.
20/01/2016 11/07/2018
Fiji 1   27/10/2009 09/03/2018
Hong Kong 1   27/10/2009 11/07/2018

MRL Notes:

No MRL is established, but the Codex MRL (0.8 mg/kg) may be recognised.
09/03/2018 11/07/2018
Indonesia 1   06/06/2013 11/07/2018
Israel 2   05/05/2010 09/03/2018
Japan 1   07/04/2010 11/07/2018
Korea (Republic of) 2   08/04/2010 11/07/2018
LCBO 0.1


The MRL applies to wine.
27/10/2009 09/03/2018
Malaysia 0.8


This is a Codex value as no Malaysian MRL has been established.
09/03/2018 11/07/2018
New Zealand 0.8


The MRL is a default value as no New Zealand MRL has been established. However, under the Trans Tasman Mutual Recognition legislation the Australian MRL of 10 mg/kg will be recognised in New Zealand for imports from Australia.
09/03/2018 09/03/2018
Norway 2   09/03/2018 09/03/2018
Philippines 1   11/07/2018 11/07/2018
Russia 1   04/11/2014 09/03/2018
Singapore 0.8


The MRL is the Codex MRL as no Singaporean MRL has been established.
09/03/2018 11/07/2018
South Africa 5   12/07/2011 09/03/2018
Switzerland 1


The MRL is for wine grapes.
02/02/2016 09/03/2018
Taiwan 2


The MRL is for berries and applies to grapes.
02/11/2009 11/07/2018
Thailand 1   09/10/2009 11/07/2018
Turkey 2   29/06/2016 09/03/2018
United States of America 2   09/12/2009 11/07/2018
Vietnam 1   03/11/2009 11/07/2018

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The Australian Wine Research Institute has used all reasonable care and skill in compiling this information, but does not warrant the accuracy or completeness of the information contained in this publication. Except to the extent that the Institute is prevented by law from limiting its liability for such loss, the Institute will not be liable for any loss suffered by any person using (either directly or indirectly) this publication, whether that loss arises from the Institute’s negligence or otherwise. Any person using this publication should independently verify that information before relying on it. Notwithstanding that this publication mentions a particular product, The Institute does not endorse that product or give any warranty in relation to it.

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