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Note. European Union Member Countries – Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom are all members of the European Union (EU). Member nations are obliged to abide by Directives on MRLs issued by the Council of the European Communities. If no EU MRL exists, a general default MRL of 0.01 mg/kg applies.

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Copyright 2019 by The Australian Wine Research Institute (ACN 007 558 296) Reprint and quotation of the information published herein is permitted on the condition that full credit be given to The Australian Wine Research Institute.

The MRL values listed below apply to grapes, unless otherwise stated.

pyrethrins + piperonyl butoxide

Product group: Insecticide
Registered products: Py-Bo Natural Pyrethrum

Country MRL (mg/kg) Comments Updated Reviewed
Argentina 0.01 + 0.01   12/06/2012 09/03/2018
Australia 1 + 8

MRL Notes:

The pyrethrins MRL is for the sum of pyrethrins I and ii, Cinerinsi I and ii and jasmolins I and ii , determined after calibration by means of the International Pyrethrum Standard.
18/09/2009 11/07/2018
Brazil - + -

Comments:

No MRL is listed for either active constituent, therefore no detectable residues are permitted.
03/11/2009 09/03/2018
Canada 1 + 8

MRL Notes:

The MRL for pyrethrins is for 4-hydroxy-3-methyl-2-(2,4-pentadienyl)-2-cyclopenten-1-one 2, 2-dimethyl-3-(2-methylpropenyl)cyclopropanecarboxylate and 4-hydroxy-3-methyl-2-(2,4-pentadienyl)-2-cyclopenten-1-one 1-methyl 3-carboxy-α,2,2-trimethylcyclopropaneacrylate ester.
27/04/2010 09/03/2018
Chile - + -

Comments:

No MRL is listed for either active constituent, therefore no detectable residues are permitted.
09/10/2009 09/03/2018
China - + -

Comments:

No MRL is listed for either active constituent, therefore no detectable residues are permitted.
27/10/2009 11/07/2018
Codex - + -

Comments:

No MRL is listed, therefore no detectable residue is permitted.
07/10/2009 11/07/2018
European Union Member Countries 1 + 0.01

Comments:

No MRL is required for piperonyl butoxide under European Union regulations.
11/07/2018 11/07/2018
Fiji - + -

Comments:

No Codex MRL is listed for either active constituent, therefore no detectable residues are permitted.
27/10/2009 09/03/2018
Hong Kong 1 + 8   04/11/2014 11/07/2018
India 1 + -

MRL Notes:

The MRL for pyrethrins is for the combined residue of pyrethrins I and II, and other structurally related ingredients of pyrethrum.No MRL is listed for piperonyl butoxide, therefore no detectable residue is permitted.
14/10/2009 09/03/2018
Indonesia - + -

Comments:

No MRL is listed for either active constituent, therefore no detectable residues are permitted.
12/10/2009 11/07/2018
Israel - + -

Comments:

No MRL is listed for either active constituent, therefore no detectable residues are permitted.
05/05/2010 09/03/2018
Japan 1 + 8

MRL Notes:

The MRL for pyrethrins is for the sum of residues of pyrethrin I and pyrethrin II.
07/04/2010 11/07/2018
Korea (Republic of) 1 + 0.05   11/07/2018 11/07/2018
LCBO 0.1 + 0.1

Comments:

These MRLs apply to wine.
27/10/2009 09/03/2018
Malaysia 0.01+ 0.01

Comments:

These are default values as no Malaysian or Codex MRLs have been established.
29/04/2010 11/07/2018
New Zealand 1 + 8   09/04/2010 09/03/2018
Norway 1 + -

Comments:

No MRL has been established for piperonyl butoxide. Therefore, no detectable piperonyl butoxide residue is permitted.
01/11/2009 09/03/2018
Philippines - + -

Comments:

No Codex MRL is listed for either active constituent, therefore no detectable residues are permitted.
13/10/2009 11/07/2018
Russia - + -

Comments:

No MRL is listed for either active constituent, therefore no detectable residues are permitted.
14/10/2009 09/03/2018
Singapore 1 + 8   02/11/2009 11/07/2018
South Africa 1 + 0.01

Comments:

An MRL of 5 mg/kg for piperonyl butoxide applies to table grapes.
14/10/2009 09/03/2018
Switzerland 1 + 0.5

Comments:

Switzerland defers to the European Union MRL for pyrethrins.
12/05/2016 09/03/2018
Taiwan - + -

Comments:

No MRLs are listed for either active constituent, therefore no detectable residues are permitted.
02/11/2009 11/07/2018
Thailand - + -

Comments:

No MRL is listed for either active constituent, therefore no detectable residues are permitted.
09/10/2009 11/07/2018
Turkey - + -   29/07/2011 09/03/2018
United States of America 1 + 8

Comments:

Piperonyl butoxide is exempt from the requirement of an MRL when used in accordance with good agricultural practice, unless it is applied to a crop at the time of, or after, harvest.

MRL Notes:

MRLs of 1 mg/kg for pyrethrins and 8 mg/kg for piperonyl butoxide exist for their application to grapes post-harvest.
09/03/2018 11/07/2018
Vietnam - + -

Comments:

No MRL is listed for either active constituent, therefore no detectable residues are permitted.
03/11/2009 11/07/2018

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