Information Pack – Crown Gall

This information pack contains a list of freely accessible relevant resources that you can access directly online, followed by a list of hard copy and paywalled publications that can be requested from the AWRI library free of charge.

For access to a more extensive collection of resources, Australian grapegrowers and winemakers can also search the AWRI library database.



Argun, N., Momol, M.T., Maden, S., Momol, E.A., Reid, C.L., Çelek, H., Burr, T.J. 2002. Characterization of Agrobacterium vitis strains isolated from Turkish grape cultivars in the Central Anatolia region. Plant Dis. 86(2): 162-166.

Asghari, S., Harighi, B., Ashengroph, M., Clement, C., Aziz, A., Esmaeel, Q., Ait Barka. A. 2020. Induction of systemic resistance to Agrobacterium tumefaciens by endophytic bacteria in grapevine. Plant Pathol. 69(5): 827-837.

BacDive. 2023. Rhizobium rhizogenes DSM 30148.

Bouri, M., Chattaoui, M., Gharsa, H.B., McClean, A., Kluepfel, D., Nesme, X., Rhouma, A. 2016. Analysis of Agrobacterium populations isolated from tunisian soils: genetic structure, avirulent-virulent ratios and characterization of tumorigenic strains. J. Plant Pathol., 98(2): 265–274.

Burr, T. 2017. What we have learned about Crown Gall. Appellation Cornell. Research Focus 2017-5: Cornell Viticulture and Enology.

Burr, T., Bazzi, C., Süle, S., Otten, L. 1998. Crown Gall of Grape: Biology of Agrobacterium vitis and the Development of Disease Control Strategies. Plant Dis. 82(12): 1288-1297.

Burr, T.J., Ophel, K., Katz, B.H., Kerr, A. 1989. Effect of hot water treatment on systemic Agrobacterium tumefaciens biovar 3 in dormant grape cuttings. Plant Dis. 73(3): 242-245.

Burr, T.J., Reid, C.L., Yoshimura, M., Momol, E.A., Bazzi, C. 1995. Survival and tumorigenicity of Agrobacterium vitis in living and decaying grape roots and canes in soil. Plant Dis. 79: 677-682.

Dillen, W., De Clercq, J., Kapila, J., Zambre, M., Van Montagu, M., Angenon, G. 1997. The effect of temperature on Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated gene transfer to plants. Plant J. 12(6): 1459-1463.

Dodds, K., Fearnley, J. 2023. Orchard plant protection guide for deciduous fruits in NSW. NSW Department of Primary Industries.

Gan, H.M., Szegedi, E., Fersi, R., Chebil, S., Kovács, L., Kawaguchi, A., Hudson, A.O., Burr, T.J., Savka, M.A. 2019. Insight into the microbial co-occurrence and diversity of 73 grapevine (Vitis vinifera) crown galls collected across the northern hemisphere. Front. Microbiol. 10: 1896

Gordon, J.E., Christie, P.J. 2014. The Agrobacterium Ti plasmids. Microbiol. Spectr. 2(6): PLAS-0010-2013.

Habbadi, K., Aoujil, F., Yahyaoui, H., Benbouazza, A., El Iraqui, S., Achbani, H. 2023. Grapevine Crown Gall: Current data and research perspectives. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. Food. Sci. 13(3): e10198.

Kado, C.I. 2002. Crown gall. The Plant Health Instructor. The American Phytopathological Society.

Kawaguchi, A., Sone, T., Ochi, S., Matsuchita, Y., Noutoshi, Y., Nita, M. 2021. Origin of pathogens of Grapevine Crown Gall Disease in Hokkaido in Japan as characterized by molecular epidemiology of Allorhizobium vitis strains. Life 11(11): 1265.

Krimi, Z., Petit, A., Mougel, C., Dessaux, Y., Nesme, X. 2002. Seasonal fluctuations and long-term persistence of pathogenic populations of Agrobacterium spp. in soils. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 68(7): 3358-3365.

Lacroix, B., Citovsky, V. 2013. The roles of bacterial and host plant factors in Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation. Int. J. Dev. Biol. 57: 467-481.

Mafakheri, H., Taghavi, S.M., Puławska, J., de Lajudie, P., Lassalle, F., Osdaghi, E. 2019. Two novel genomospecies in the Agrobacterium tumefaciens species complex associated with Rose Crown Gall. Phytopathology. 109(11): 1859-1868.

Merritt, P., Danhorn, T., Fuqua, C. 2007. Motility and chemotaxis in Agrobacterium tumefaciens surface attachment and biofilm formation. J Bacteriol. 189(22): 8005-8014.

Mohammadi, M., Fatehi-Paykani, R. 1999. Phenotypical characterization of Iranian isolates of Agrobacterium vitis, the causal agent of crown gall disease of grapevine. Vitis 38(3): 115-121.

National Institute of Food and Agriculture. U.S. Department of Agriculture. 2019. Crown gall of grapes.

Ophel, K., Kerr, A. 1990. Agrobacteriurn vitis sp. nov. for Strains of Agrobacterium biovar 3 from Grapevines. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 40(3): 236-241.

Portier, P., Fischer-Le Saux, M., Mougel, C., Lerondelle, C., Chapulliot, D., Thioulouse, J., Nesme, X. 2006. Identification of genomic species in Agrobacterium biovar 1 by AFLP genomic markers. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 72(11): 7123-31.

Rahman, L., Cappello, J., Weckert, M. 2013. Root knot nematode and grapevine resistance. Grapevine Management Guide 2013-14. NSW Department of Primary Industries.

Smith, D. 2019. Crown gall of grapes. Grape Community of Practice.

Trong, N.-H., Doré, J., Gaucher, M., Jacquard, C., Richet, N., Leclère, V., Aït Barka, E., Brisset, M.N., Kerzaon, I., Lavire, C., Clément, C., Vial, L., Sanchez, L.  2022. Biological control of grapevine crown gall disease, caused by Allorhizobium vitis, using Paraburkholderia phytofirmans PsJN. PhytoFrontiers 2(4): 391-403.

Wine Australia. Grapevine rootstock selector tool.

Yakabe, L.E., Parker, S.R., Kluepfel, D.A. 2012. Cationic surfactants: Potential surface disinfectants to manage Agrobacterium tumefaciens biovar 1 contamination of grafting tools. Plant Dis. 96(3): 409-415.